Daniel's Strange 1260, 1290 and 1335 Days!
What are the mysterious sequences of days mentioned in Daniel 12? What does the 1260, 1290 and 1335 days have to do with this END TIME generation? How do they correspond to the Seventh Trumpet of Revelation? Here is NEW INSIGHT on the historical and future fulfillment of these amazing prophetic periods of time! Truly God is beginning to make clear these cryptic, strange, and mind-boggling prophecies of Daniel!
William F. Dankenbring
In the book of Daniel we read these mysterious words, fraught with significance for the end-time generation living just before the coming of the Messiah: “Then I, Daniel, looked and saw two others standing, one on one bank of the river, the other on the other bank of the river. One said to the man clothed in linen, who was above the water of the river, ‘How long until the END of these awful things?’ Then I heard the man dressed in linen, who was above the water of the river, swear by the Ever-Living One as he lifted his right hand and his left hand to heaven: ‘For a time, times, and half a time; and when the breaking of the power of the holy people comes to an end, then shall all these things be fulfilled.’”
“I heard and did not understand, so I said, ‘My Lord, what will be the outcome of these things?’ He said, ‘Go, Daniel, for these words are SECRET AND SEALED to the TIME OF THE END. Many will be purified and purged and refined; the wicked will act wickedly and none of the wicked will understand; but the knowledgeable will understand. From the time the regular offering is abolished, and an appalling abomination is set up -- it will be a thousand two hundred and ninety days. Happy the one who waits and reaches one thousand three hundred and thirty-five days’” (Dan.12:5-11).
What are these mysterious 1260, 1290, and 1335 days? These periods of prophetic times have perplexed, dumbfounded, and stumped generations of students of Bible prophecy!
Students of Bible prophecy know that the prophetic year is 360 days in length. Apparently, the original length of the year was 360 days (whence we get the 360 degree circle), as the book of Genesis implies. During the time of Noah 5 months equaled 150 days (thus 30 days per month; this would extrapolate out as 360 days in 12 months – see Gen.7:11; 8:3-4). Also, in Biblical language one “time” equals one year. In Daniel we read that an evil end-time king will persecute God’s people “for a time, times, and half a time.” The book of Revelation tells us this king will reign and persecute God’s people for “forty two months” (Rev.13:5-7; 11:2). Thus 3 1/2 “times” equals 42 months; divide 42 months by 12 and you get 3 and one half years! Now 42 months, with 30 days per month, comes to 1260 literal days in actual fulfillment (compare Rev.12:6 and 14). Thus one “time,” therefore, equals one year, and three and one half “times” equals 3 1/2 years; and 360 days times 3 1/2 years, equals 1,260 days (compare Rev.12:6,14; also Rev.11:2-3).
How, how do these mysterious dates figure into the END-TIME SCENARIO of Bible prophecy? How are they to be reckoned?
When does the period of 1260 days or three and one half years commence? And when does it end? And what about the 1290 days, and the 1335 days?
simple key to the beginning of the 1260 days is that it begins when the
appalling abomination -- or “abomination of desolation” -- is set up in the
Notice! Mid-way through the final “week” of years,
this prince or king will stop the sacrificing and offerings performed at the
signal event is also mentioned in Daniel 11.
Notice again! “So shall he return
and show regard for those who forsake the holy covenant. And forces [arms] shall be mustered by him,
and they shall DEFILE the sanctuary fortress [that is, the
These two passages are discussing the same event. It occurs in the MIDST of the final week of years of this age, leading up to the END of the age!
What great event will END this age – and terminate this 3 1/2 year prophetic period?
This period of conquest and end-time Great Tribulation, during which God’s Temple is defiled, and the saints are persecuted, which lasts for 3 1/2 times (Rev.13:5, 11:2), or 42 months, or 1,260 literal days, will only be terminated by the intervention of the Messiah from heaven – the coming of Yeshua in clouds of glory! (Rev.19:11-19; ; Matt.24:30-31).
The wicked king who does these things will have “power” for three and one half times or years at the very end. “He will think of changing times and laws, and they will be delivered into his power for a time, times, and half a time. Then the court will sit and his dominion will be taken away, to be destroyed and abolished for all time” (Dan.7:25-26).
after this “appalling thing” – the “abomination of desolation” -- is set up in
the Temple of God, many of God's people will FLEE to a place of safety to be
spared from the coming invasion, captivity, and tribulation (Matt.24:16-22).
They will be protected during this 1,260 day period of tribulation, distress
and captivity on
When does this vicious persecution stop? When is the coming king or tyrant finally conquered, and his kingdom brought to an end?
As we have seen, Daniel and John tell us he will reign for 3 1/2 times. What will terminate his reign? “But the court shall be seated, and they shall take away his dominion, to consume and destroy it forever. Then the kingdom and dominion and the greatness of the kingdoms under the whole heaven, shall be given to the people, the SAINTS of the Most High. His kingdom is an everlasting kingdom” (Dan.7:26-27).
His kingdom will come to an abrupt end when the Messiah Yeshua returns, and gives rulership of the earth to the resurrected SAINTS (Rev.2:26-27; ).
When will THIS occur?
John tells us in the book of Revelation, these fateful words: “Then the seventh angel sounded: And there were loud voices in heaven, saying, ‘The kingdoms of this world have become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of His Christ, and He shall reign for ever and ever!’” (Rev.11:15). This is the last of the seven trumpet plagues which God will pour upon mankind (Rev.8-9). It pictures the coming of the Messiah!
John goes on to describe it: “We give You thanks, O Lord God Almighty, the One who is, and who was, and who is to come, because You have taken Your great power and reigned. The nations were angry, and Your wrath has come, and the time of the dead, that they should be judged, and that You should reward Your servants the prophets and the saints, and those who fear Your name, small and great, and should destroy those who destroy the earth” (Rev.11:17-18).
Thus the 42 months of the reign of the Antichrist will terminate with the SEVENTH TRUMPET – and the return of Christ, when the saints will be resurrected, or changed into immortality, and will receive the kingdoms of the world to rule over (see I Cor.15:50-52; I Thess.4:16-17).
Therefore the period of 42 months, or 1260 days, or 3 and one half times comes to its fulfillment and termination when “everlasting righteousness” is ushered in (Dan.9:24) – that is, when the Messiah returns in glory and power.
But what then about the 1290 days of Daniel 12? What do they refer to? What will happen next?
As should seem obvious, both periods of time BEGIN at the same point. Therefore, the 1290 days simply goes 30 days further into the future! The 1,290 days, then, must extend another 30 days or one month AFTER the return of the Messiah, when He completes conquering His enemies around the earth, and BRINGS HIS PEOPLE OUT OF CAPTIVITY, BACK TO JERUSALEM.
As Isaiah foretold, “And in that day, the LORD will beat out [the peoples like grain] from the channel of the Euphrates to the Wadi of Egypt; and you shall be PICKED UP ONE BY ONE, O children of Israel! And in THAT DAY, a great ram’s horn shall be sounded; and the strayed who are in the land of Assyria and the expelled who are in the land of Egypt shall come and worship the LORD on the holy mount, in Jerusalem” (Isa.27:13).
When Christ returns, WAR will be waged against the kingdoms of the world. His return is pictured by the seventh trumpet. But notice! How long will this trumpet sound?
We read, “But in the DAYS of the sounding of the seventh angel, when he is about to sound, the mystery of God would be finished, as He declared to His servants the prophets” (Rev.10:7). It will sound for a number of “DAYS”!
When Christ returns, His presence will be accompanied by the pouring out of SEVEN LAST PLAGUES. They are mentioned in Revelation 15-16. The pouring out of these plagues will take TIME! Notice!
Revelation 16 Examined
The apostle John writes, “And I heard a great voice out of the temple saying to the SEVEN ANGELS, Go your ways, and pour out the VIALS OF THE WRATH OF GOD upon the earth.” Notice, first of all, these vials contain the undiluted WRATH OF GOD -- that is, they ARE, they CONSTITUTE, the wrath of God!
Now, continue: “And the first went, and poured out his vial upon the earth; and there fell a grievous sore upon the men which had the mark of the beast, and upon them which worshipped his image” (v.2). This is, of course, a mighty plague of God. It is important to note, at this point, how these end-time plagues of God parallel, and were typified, by the ancient plagues of God on Egypt, just prior to the Exodus of Israel!
In Exodus 9 we read of one of those ancient plagues: “And the Lord said unto Moses and unto Aaron, Take to you handfuls of ashes of the furnace, and let Moses sprinkle it toward the heaven in the sight of Pharaoh. And it shall become small dust in all the land of Egypt, and shall be a boil with blains breaking forth upon man, and upon beast, throughout all the land of Egypt. And they took ashes of the furnace, and stood before Pharaoh; and Moses sprinkled it up toward heaven; and it became a BOIL breaking forth with blains upon man, and upon beast. And the magicians could not stand before Moses because of the boils; for the boil was upon the magicians, and upon ALL THE EGYPTIANS” (Exo.9:8-11).
This plague upon ancient Egypt was not merely of a few hours duration. Undoubtedly, it lasted for several days, while the Egyptians suffered pain and torment from this noisome disease and its excruciating pain. Then, the next morning God told Moses to tell Pharaoh He would smite his people with additional pestilence (verses 13,14, and 15) and plagues. Moses was to tell Pharaoh, “Behold, TOMORROW about this time I will cause it to rain a very grievous hail. . .” (v.18).
So, just from the time the plague of boils was sent till the coming of the plague of hail, was at least three days duration! Yet, these plagues were TYPES or FORERUNNERS of the end-time plagues! Therefore, this implies that the end-time plagues will also cover a span of time lasting at least many days and several weeks, and will not all be poured out in one single day, as some have erroneously concluded!
Let us proceed through the chapter of Revelation 16, and discern exactly what God is telling us through His servant John. John writes, “And the second angel poured out his vial upon the sea; and it became as the blood of a dead man: and every living soul died in the sea. And the third angel poured out his vial upon the rivers and fountains of waters; and they became blood” (Rev.16:3-4).
God also caused water to turn into “blood” when He smote the Egyptians! (Exodus 7:17-24). How long did that plague last? “And seven days passed after the LORD had struck the river” (verse 25). Obviously, all the plagues were not poured out in one single day!
Let’s continue. John records: “And the fourth angel poured out his vial upon the sun; and power was given unto him to scorch men with fire. And men were scorched with great heat, and blasphemed the name of God, which hath power over these plagues: and they repented not to give him glory” (Rev.16:8-9).
This coming plague of scorching heat from the sun is also prophesied in the book of Isaiah. The prophet declares, “Moreover the light of the moon shall be as the light of the sun, and the light of the sun shall be SEVENFOLD, as the light of seven days, in the day that the Lord bindeth up the breach of his people, and healeth the stroke of their wound. Behold, the name of the Lord cometh from afar, BURNING with his anger, and the burden thereof is heavy: his lips are full of indignation, and his tongue as a DEVOURING FIRE: and his breath, as an overflowing stream, shall reach to the midst of the neck, to sift the nations with the sieve of vanity: and there shall be a bridle in the jaws of the people, causing them to err” (Isa. 30:26-28).
“And the fifth angel poured out his vial upon the seat of the beast; and his kingdom was full of DARKNESS; and they gnawed their tongues for pain, and blasphemed the God of heaven because of their pains and their sores, and repented not of their deeds” (Rev.16:10-11). This plague, also, was paralleled by the plagues upon ancient Egypt. “And the Lord said unto Moses, Stretch out thine hand toward heaven, that there may be DARKNESS over the land of Egypt, even darkness which may be felt. And Moses stretched forth his hand toward heaven; and there was a THICK DARKNESS in all the land of Egypt three days: they saw not one another, neither rose any from his place for three days: but all the children of Israel had light in their dwellings” (Exo.10:21-23).
This darkness lasted three days. Similarly, the plague of darkness which will be poured out in the future will also last several days. Of what point would a plague of darkness be if it were only a few hours in duration?
It makes no sense whatsoever for the rivers and water to be turned to blood for only a few hours; and the sun to scorch men for only a few hours; to be followed by a plague of darkness for only a few hours! It should be obvious, by now, that each of these plagues is of several days duration, or even longer. Remember, these plagues are all poured out during the sounding of the seventh trumpet -- a period of “DAYS” (Rev.10:7). How many days?
The Time Element of the Sixth Plague of Revelation
An expanse of time is obviously indicated by the sixth plague of Revelation 16. Notice!
“And the sixth angel poured out his vial upon the great river Euphrates; and the
water thereof was dried up, that the way of the KINGS OF THE EAST might be
prepared. And I saw three unclean spirits like frogs come out of the mouth of the
dragon, and out of the mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth of the false prophet.
For they are the spirits of devils (demons), working miracles, which GO FORTH
UNTO THE KINGS OF THE EARTH, AND OF THE WHOLE WORLD, to
gather them to the battle of that great day of God Almighty. . . . And he gathered
them together into a place called in the Hebrew tongue Armageddon” (Rev.16:12-16).
This sixth plague signifies WAR and the convergence of armies to do BATTLE. It involves the gathering of nations, their mobilization, and marching across hundreds, or even thousands of miles, to come together at Armageddon, or Har Megiddo, to the north of Jerusalem. This plague along would very likely involve at least many days of time -- not just a few hours!
These “kings of the east” represent the vast hordes of Asia and Russia, and their allies, including Japan and China! But notice the FINAL plague which accompanies the return of the Messiah!
“And the seventh angel poured out his vial into the air; and there came a great
voice out of the temple of heaven, saying, It is done. And there were voices, and
thunders, and lightnings; and there was a GREAT EARTHQUAKE, such as was
not since men were upon the earth, so mighty an earthquake, and so great. And the
great city was divided into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell: and great
Babylon came in remembrance before God, to give unto her the cup of the wine
of the fierceness of his wrath. And every island fled away, and the mountains
were not found. And there fell upon men a great hail out of heaven, every stone
about the weight of a talent: and men blasphemed God because of the plague of
the hail; for the plague of it was exceeding great” (Rev.16:17-21).
A light talent equaled 60 manehs, and a maneh was equivalent to a Roman pound. Thus a light talent, used in weighing metals, was about 60 pounds. A heavy or double talent was 120 pounds.
Thus these hail stones will weigh from 60-120 pounds! As in the case of ancient Egypt these hail stones could also refer to meteorite showers peppering the earth at the time when Christ returns! An example of such a meteorite shower, which destroyed an army fighting against God's people, occurred in the days of Joshua. We read: “And the Lord discomfited them before Israel, and slew them with a great slaughter at Gibeon, and chased them along the way that goeth up to Bethhoron, and smote them to Azekah, and unto Makkedah. And it came to pass, as they fled from before Israel, and were in the going down to Bethhoron, that the Lord CAST DOWN GREAT STONES FROM HEAVEN UPON THEM unto Azekah, and they DIED; they were more which died with HAILSTONES than they whom the children of Israel slew with the sword” (Josh.10:10-11).
This final mind-defying plague will include a massive, earth-wrenching earthquake that will cause the entire planet to shake like a house in a hurricane. Mountain ranges will be leveled; islands will sink beneath the waves of the sea; new islands will rise up. Volcanoes will outflow lava on massive scales.
The Awesome Return of the Messiah
Christ Himself will return in glory, and punish the rebellious nations gathered against Him, who will be assembled at Armageddon and then march toward Jerusalem! God says through Zechariah, “Behold, the day of the Lord cometh, and thy spoil shall be divided in the midst of thee. For I will gather all nations against Jerusalem to battle; and the city shall be taken, and the houses rifled, and the women ravished; and half the city shall go forth into captivity, and the residue of the people shall not be cut off from the city. Then shall the Lord go forth, and FIGHT against those nations, as when he fought in the day of battle” (Zech.14:1-3).
“And his feet shall stand in that day UPON THE MOUNT OF OLIVES . . .
and the mount of Olives shall cleave in the midst thereof toward the east and
toward the west, and there shall be a very great valley; and half of the
mountain shall remove toward the north, and half of it toward the south. And
ye shall flee toward the valley of the mountains . . . yea, ye shall flee, like as
ye fled from before the EARTHQUAKE in the days of Uzziah king of Judah:
and the Lord my God shall come, and all the saints with thee” (vs.4-5).
Again, it should be obvious that this final plague -- which includes meteor showers, massive tectonic upheavals around the globe, disappearing islands, enormous tsunamis or tidal waves, and tremendous warfare between the armies of the earth and the returning Christ -- also describes events which will last much more than merely a few hours duration. Days, weeks, even a month could well be described here! How long will it require for the armies of the Lord to march through the land, and punish the wicked?
The wicked will be cast “into the great winepress of the wrath of God. And the winepress was trodden without the city, and blood came out of the winepress, even unto the horse bridles, by the space of a thousand and six hundred furlongs” (Rev.14:19-20) -- a distance of 184 miles, extending from the east side of Jerusalem, the Kidron Valley, down to the Dead Sea, and southward to the Gulf of Aqaba!
How long will pouring out these plagues, and the final WAR that Christ will wage against the nations of the earth, require? Can we know? Yes, we can! Notice!
“Then I saw another angel flying in the midst of heaven, having
the everlasting gospel to preach to those who dwell on the earth –
to every nation, tongue, tribe and people – saying with a loud
voice, ‘Fear God and give glory to Him, for the HOUR of His
judgment is come . . .” (Rev.14:6-7, NKJV).
“The ten horns which you saw are ten kings, who have received
no kingdom as yet, but they receive authority for ONE HOUR
AS KINGS WITH THE BEAST. These are of one mind, and
They will give their power and authority to the beast. These will
MAKE WAR with the Lamb, and the Lamb will overcome them,
for He is Lord of lords, and King of kings; and those who are with
Him are called, chosen, and faithful” (Rev.17:12-14).
God’s period of “judgment” will last “one hour.” These ten kings give their power to the Beast for precisely “ONE HOUR.” How long is “one hour,” speaking prophetically?
Jesus Christ said that there are “twelve hours in a day” (John 11:9). Since a “day” equals a “year” in being fulfilled (Num.14:34; Ezek.4:4-6), and since there are 12 months in a year, this means that “ONE HOUR” equals ONE MONTH in being fulfilled! One month equals 30 days!
Thus this final “alliance” refers to a final union of the nations of the world. The fifth and sixth Trumpet Plagues (Rev.9) depict nations at war with each other. But when the seventh trumpet sounds, the nations will UNITE one final time to wage war against the New “intruder” or “invader” from “outer space” – ten final “kings,” representing ten regions of the world, will FIGHT AGAINST CHRIST! How long will this “union” last? One “hour” – that is, one month – that is, 30 DAYS!
Here is the 30 days which goes beyond the 1260 days and extends to 1290 days (Daniel 12:11)!
During this period of 30 days, Yeshua will begin regathering the scattered people of Israel and Judah from around the world, and will WAGE WARFARE against the wicked nations of the earth, and the seven last plagues will be poured out in His presence!
This war, and the sounding of the seventh trumpet, will last for 30 days. This is represented by extra 30 days tacked on to the end of the 1260 days!
Interestingly, another prophecy also mentions this final period of “one hour” prophetically speaking --- or one MONTH – or 30 days! Notice!
“Therefore her plagues will come in one day [that is, one “year” – the
“day of the Lord,” the final year of this age when God intervenes to
punish the wickedness of men] – death, and mourning, and famine.
And she will be utterly burned with fire, for strong is the Lord God who
judges her. The kings of the earth, who committed fornication and lived
luxuriously with her will weep and lament for her, when they see the
smoke of her burning, standing at a distance for fear of her torment,
saying, ‘Alas, alas, that great city Babylon, that mighty city! For in
ONE HOUR your judgment has come’” (Rev.18:8-10).
“The merchants of these things, who became rich by her, will stand
at a distance for fear of her torment, weeping and wailing, and saying,
‘Alas, alas, that great city that was clothed in fine linen, purple, and
scarlet, and adorned with gold and precious stones and pearls! For
in ONE HOUR such great riches came to nothing. Every shipmaster,
all who travel by ship, sailors, and as many as trade on the sea, stood
at a distance, and cried out when they saw the smoke of her burning,
saying, ‘What is like this great city?’ They threw dust on their heads
and cried out, weeping and wailing, and saying, ‘Alas, alas, that great
city, in which all who had ships on the sea became rich by her wealth!
For in ONE HOUR she is made desolate” (Rev.18:15-19).
Notice! Here again, the PUNISHMENT of the great end-time BABYLONIAN EMPIRE – the New World Order – the WORLD SYSTEM – will be “ONE HOUR” – that is, one month in duration! During this period of time, she will be utterly destroyed – obliterated – and wiped off the face of the earth!
This is referring to the SAME HOUR – the same MONTH! As we read in Revelation 16, at the conclusion of the seven last plagues, “Now the great city was divided up into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell. And great Babylon was remembered before God, to give her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of His wrath” (verse 19).
But then another wonderful event is prophesied to occur at the end of 1335 days -- or the end of another 45 days! Daniel is told, “Blessed is the one who waits, and comes to the one thousand three hundred and thirty five days” (Dan.12:11). Those who come to this time, Daniel is told, are indeed, “HAPPY” or “BLESSED”!
What is this event? Let us notice once again the time sequence of events as they are portrayed in Scripture!
During this time leading up to the completion of these extra 45 days, or the fulfillment of the entire 1335 days, Christ will conquer His enemies around the world and bring His people, Israel, back out from captivity.
We read in Isaiah's prophecy: “In that day the Root of Jesse will stand as a banner for the peoples; the nations will rally to him, and his place of rest will be glorious. In that day the Lord will reach out his hand a SECOND TIME to reclaim the remnant that is left of his people from Assyria, from Lower Egypt, from Upper Egypt, from Cush, from Elam, from Babylonia, from Hamath and from the islands of the sea. He will raise a banner for the nations and GATHER THE EXILES OF ISRAEL; he will ASSEMBLE THE SCATTERED PEOPLE OF JUDAH from the four quarters of the earth” (Isa.11:10-12, NIV). Again, this will require some time. But within two months or so, most likely, all Israel will be re-gathered, as God intends.
God says, “Behold, I will bring them from the north country, and gather them from the ends of the earth, among them the blind and the lame, the woman with child and the one who labors with child, together; a great throng shall return there. They shall come with weeping, and with supplications I will lead them” (Jer.31:8-9).
Isaiah further tells us: “For behold, the LORD will come with fire and with His chariots like a whirlwind, to render His anger with fury, and His rebuke with flames of fire. For by fire and by His sword the LORD will judge all flesh; and the slain of the LORD shall be many. . . . It shall be that I will gather all nations and tongues; and they shall come, and see My glory. . . Then shall they bring all your brethren for an offering to the LORD out of all nations, on horses and in chariots and in litters, on mules and on camels, to My holy mountain in Jerusalem” (Isal.66:15-20).
“And it shall come to pass in that day that the LORD will thresh, from the channel of the River to the Brook of Egypt; and you shall be gathered, one by one, O you children of Israel. So shall it be in that day: the GREAT TRUMPET will be blown; they will come, who are about to perish in the land of Assyria, and they who are outcasts in the land of Egypt, and shall worship the LORD in the holy mount at Jerusalem” (Isa.27:12-13).
This great EXODUS back to Israel will occur after the Messiiah returns, after Babylon is conquered, and the nations are subdued, during the time extending from the end of the 1260 days till the 1335 days – a total period of 75 days. All will be brought back to Jerusalem, to worship the LORD of Hosts, and to worship the Messianic King, Yeshua Ha Moshiach!
“And it shall come to pass that from one New Moon to another, and from one Sabbath to another, all flesh shall come to worship Me, says the LORD. And they shall go forth and look upon the corpses of the men who have transgressed against Me. For their worm does not die, and their fire is not quenched. They shall be an abhorrence to all flesh” (Isa.66:23-24).
What will occur next, in the unfolding of Biblical prophecy? What great event is foretold for the time shortly after Israel is regathered – and the END of the 1335 days?
The Tremendous Ceremony
Shortly after Yeshua returns to this earth, subdues His enemies, re-gathers His people, and SITS ON HIS THRONE in Jerusalem, He will MARRY HIS BRIDE, the Church of God! The apostle John tells us,
“Then I heard what sounded like a great multitude, like the roar of rushing waters and like loud peals of thunder, shouting: ‘Hallelujah! For our Lord God Almighty REIGNS. Let us rejoice and be glad and give him glory! For the WEDDING of the Lamb has come, and his bride has made herself ready. Fine linen, bright and clean, was given her to wear’ (fine linen stands for the righteous acts of the saints)” (Rev.19:6-8, NIV).
The period of 1335 days, the extra 45 days, following the 30 days of war and the subsequent regathering of Israel, brings us up to the MARRIAGE feast of the Lamb and His bride, the Church of God, the “firstfruits” (Rev.14:1-4; James 1:17).
Truly, a more “blessed” and “happy” event can scarcely be imagined!
It is possible that since God married (made a marriage covenant with) Israel, on the very day of Pentecost, in the year when Israel was delivered out from Egypt, that also when Christ returns in power from heaven, He will deliver His people from captivity, and then MARRY HIS BRIDE, the Church -- perhaps once again on the very day of Pentecost!
This could occur on Pentecost, the feast which celebrates the “firstfruits,” a time of great joy and rejoicing!
Pentecost occurs 50 days after Passover – it is counted from the wave sheaf offering, offered on the 16th of Nisan or Abib.
Interestingly, the book of Esther tells us of the tremendous deliverance God gave His people during the Persian Empire, when a certain Haman sought to slay all the Jews. God intervened and spared His people, and gave them vengeance on their enemies. This occurred on what is today celebrated as the Feast of “Purim” – counting “lots.” It occurs on two days – Adar 14 and 15. (See Esther 9:19-22.) In a regular year, this falls exactly 30 days before PASSOVER!
Consider this! Christ could begin His return, the seventh trumpet could begin to blow, on the anniversary of the great deliverance known as Purim, and blow for 30 days, culminating on the Festival of Passover – the GREAT Festival of Freedom and Liberty!
Counting the days, this could account for the last 30 days which stretch from the 1260 to the conclusion of the 1290 days. The next 45 days – or the end of the 1335 days -- brings us to just five days before Pentecost! Could this mean, then, that the great celebration of the marriage of the bride and groom, the Church and the Lamb, begins on this day and culminates on Pentecost? Very likely, as well, the Messiah will at that time also enter into the New Covenant with the regathered tribes of Israel and Judah – once again a symbolic “marriage” covenant, in which all Israel will once again vow to OBEY the laws, statutes, and judgments of the Lord, the Torah, the Word of God – Yeshua!
Thus the end of the 1335 days could refer to the beginning of the WEDDING FEAST preparations, which includes the WEDDING itself, on the day of Shavuot, “Firstfruits,” or Pentecost!
Following the wedding of Christ and the Bride, we read in the book of Revelation: “Then the angel said to me, Write: ‘BLESSED ARE THOSE who are invited to the WEDDING SUPPER OF THE LAMB!' And he added, 'These are the true words of God’” (Rev. 19:6-9).
What great event occurs after a wedding ceremony? What great event would occur next? Why, the “wedding reception” -- that is, the WEDDING FEAST!
Notice! Those who come to this event -- that is, who endure till it occurs, and who come up to attend it -- the invited guests -- will be “BLESSED.” This is a parallel to Daniel 12:12 -- the same “blessing” is mentioned. This is speaking of the marriage FEAST of the Bridegroom to the Bride -- of Christ Jesus and the Church of God (the saints, who compose the body of the “bride” of Christ!).
This blessed event will likely occur, then, 75 days after Christ returns from heaven and delivers His people, and 45 days after He has re-gathered Israel and conquered His enemies around the world. At that time, real true PEACE will break out worldwide. And many will be invited to attend the great wedding feast of Christ and the Church -- the official wedding “feast”!
If the final 7 years of this present age begins in the Spring of 2001, with the beginning of “Jacob’s Troubles,” then their conclusion would be Spring of 2008. If the final 7 years begins with the “Intifada” which began Tishri 1, 2000, then the 7 years would be up in the Fall of 2007.
If the Messiah returns at Purim-Passover, 2007, Abib 15, ending the 1260 days (Purim) and the 1290 days (Passover), then the 45 extra days of the 1335 would be conclude about Sivan 1 – five days before Pentecost. But if the return of the Messiah would begin 7 days later, or about Adar 21, then the end of the 30 days would be Abib 21, the Last Day of the Feast of Passover – truly a day of great deliverance and salvation, pictured by the passing of the children of Israel through the towering walls of water of the Red Sea!
If this were the case, then 45 days later would bring us to a truly blessed event -- Shavuot, or Pentecost, on Sivan 6th – the day of the Covenant and Marriage of God to the children of Israel (Jer.3:1, 8, 14) which then would be a TYPE of the marriage of the Messiah to His Bride, His Church, the Israel of God (Rev.19:6-9; Gal.6:16).
One Great Remaining Event!
When the Temple of God was rebuilt, during the days of Ezra, after the return of the Jews from Babylonian captivity, the people celebrated with great joy. “Then the people of Israel -- the priests, the Levites and the rest of the exiles -- celebrated the dedication of the house of God with JOY” (Ezra 6:16).
Could it be, also, that the end of the 1335 days will also see the FOUNDATION STONE being laid for the new Messianic Temple of God? Could the end of the 1335 days also be the beginning of construction of the NEW MESSIANIC TEMPLE of GOD?
No doubt that this will be a time of GREAT, DELIRIOUS JOY and profound HAPPINESS! Consider! The 1260 day prophecy, the key to the whole end-time scenario as it unfolds, BEGINS with what? -- the desecration of the Temple of God (Dan.9:27; 7:25; Matt.24:15). Therefore, it would be very consistent with the overall prophecy that this period of time would also END or TERMINATE -- after the passage of 1335 days -- with the REBUILDING or RESTORATION of the Temple!
A “Day for a Year” -- the DUALITY of Prophecy
This end-time scenario then pictures the final fulfillment of Daniel's amazing prophecies, leading on into the World of Tomorrow. But is there also another, more tangible meaning to this prophecy, that is being fulfilled right before our very eyes in this twentieth century?
Remember, Bible prophecy is often DUAL in nature -- that is, there are often TWO different interpretations! The interpretation we have looked at thus far is a “literal” interpretation of a day equaling a day in fulfillment!
However, many Bible prophecies are also given cryptically as a “day for a YEAR” in being fulfilled (Num.14:34; Ezek.4:6). How would this theological truth refer to the prophecies of Daniel, chapter 12?
According to this vital key to understanding many Biblical prophecies, a day in the prophetic scenario actually equals a YEAR in actual fulfillment! Is there a “day for a year” revelation of this vital prophecy of Daniel 12? The answer is an astounding YES!
Isaac Newton, a faithful and zealous student of the Scriptures, as well as the man who discovered the law of gravity, the laws of motion, and laws of optics, in 1697 gave a lecture at Cambridge which was published by the title “The Observations on Apocalypse of the Prophet Daniel and Saint John.” In the tenth and twelfth chapters of Daniel, he discusses the “last days,” the coming of the Messiah, and the world events that transpire to bring about Israel's final glory. In this context, three periods of days are revealed to Daniel -- 1260, 1290, and 1335. Newton referred to them as “the days of 1260,” “the days of 1290,” and “the days of 1335.” According to Isaac Newton, “the days of 1260” refer to a time when a world kingdom or power would give occasion to bring about the return of the Jews to their promised land. Newton wrote:
“When, at some future time, you see a major world power give occasion to the return
of the Jews to their land, write by that date, 1260. All subsequent events and times
will be pivotal to that occasion.”
If we use this approach, it was on November 3, 1917, when the world's most prominent power of that time, the British Empire, issued the Balfour Declaration, permitting the Jews to go home to their original home-land in Judea. This was shortly after British General Allenby defeated the Turks in the Middle East and conquered Jerusalem, putting an end to the world's longest surviving empire of that time -- the Ottoman Empire.
However, the crisis of World War II prompted many more Jews to flee and emigrate to Palestine, and the new British leadership was negative to Jewish immigration. Nevertheless, 30 years after the Balfour Declaration, in 1947-48, the United Nations passed a resolution establishing a Jewish homeland or nation in Palestine -- and in May 1948 Israel once again became a literal nation, although it was forced to defend its newfound frontiers from massed Arab armies which immediately attacked on all fronts!
1917 was the termination point of the “seven times” punishment God placed upon ancient Judah in 604 B.C., beginning with the Babylonian captivity. A “time” equaling a “year,” and a “year” equaling 360 “days” – and each “day” equaling a literal “year” in fulfillment, 7 x 360 gives us 2,520 years. Counting from 604 B.C., 2,520 years brings us to 1917 – the year of the Balfour Declaration, encouraging Jews to return to Palestine, their homeland. Interesting, 1260 is one half of 2520.
If, as Newton declared, the termination of 1260 years occurred when a great power – Britain – encouraged the Jews to return to Israel, then the 1290 years would have been 30 years later -- the year 1947-48. That is the year when the United Nations voted to establish the state of Israel in the Middle East, and Israel fought off Arab invasion and became a nation.
This would mean that the 1335 years would be an additional 45 years later -- or 1992-93. That was the year of the beginning of the Oslo Peace Accords, with their signing at the White House by Israeli Prime Minister Yitzak Rabin and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat. At that time, a peace opportunity was begun – but due to bad faith and hatred and a spirit of terrorism, on the part of the Palestinians, it collapsed after seven years. Nevertheless, peace could have begun at that time. Obviously, it has been postponed. Perhaps Newton was right – but due to the hatred of men, the peace which could have come in 1992-93 collapsed in the intifada and Palestinian terrorism!
But what about the date that the 1260 days or “years” begins? Is that not also significant? If we count backward from 1917 A.D., 1260 years, we come to the year 658 A.D. What happened that year that would be significant to the Jews?
The Time of Julian the “Apostate”
After the Bar Kochba rebellion in 132-135 A.D., the Jews were banished from Jerusalem. In the days of Constantine, Jews were repressed with new restrictions and exactions. Christians were forbidden to associate with them; rabbis were banished from the Roman Empire (337 A.D.). Constantine made it a capital crime for a Christian to marry a Jew. Amidst persecution, the Jews committed the oral law to written form, lest it be lost. Judaism was in danger of perishing from the earth.
It must have appeared as the dawning of a new epoch to the Jews when Julian followed Constantine on the throne of Rome. He reduced their taxes, revoked discriminatory laws.
“[Julian] acknowledged Yahveh as ‘a great god.’ He asked Jewish leaders why they
had abandoned animal sacrifice; when they replied that their law did not permit this
except in the Temple at Jerusalem, he ordered that the Temple should be rebuilt with
state funds. Jerusalem was again opened to the Jews; they flocked to it from every
quarter of Palestine, from every province of the Empire; men, women and children
gave their labor to the rebuilding, their savings and jewelry to the furnishing, of the new
Temple; we can imagine the happiness of a people that for three centuries had prayed for this
day (361). But as the foundations were being dug, flames burst from the ground, and burnt
several workmen to death. The work was patiently resumed, but a repetition of the
phenomenon -- probably due to the explosion of natural gas -- interrupted and
discouraged the enterprise. The Christians rejoiced at what seemed a divine prohibition;
the Jews marveled and mourned. Then came Julian's sudden death; state funds were withdrawn;
the old restrictive laws were re-enacted and made more severe; and the Jews, again excluded
from Jerusalem, returned to their villages, their poverty, and their prayers. Soon thereafter
Jerome reported the Jewish population of Palestine as 'but a tenth of their previous multitude.
In 425 Theodosius abolished the Palestinian patriarchate. Greek Christian churches replaced
the synagogues and schools; and after a brief outburst in 614, Palestine surrendered its
leadership of the Jewish world” (Durant, The Story of Civilization, “The Age of Faith,” vol.4,
God obviously did not approve of the Jews rebuilding His House in 361 A.D. He put a stop to the process by divine intervention. Durant says the fire bursting from the ground may have been a natural gas explosion. Whatever the cause, it happened twice -- and seemed like a divine prohibition to those involved and to onlookers.
Jerusalem was ruled by the Byzantine Romans till 614, under “Christian” control; till 629, it was ruled by Persians, when the Christians re-conquered it and ruled till 637, when it fell to the Moslems who ruled till 1099.
Jews remained numerous in Moslem Syria, Babylonia, and Persia, and developed a vigorous economic and cultural life. The rabbinical colleges at Sura and Pumbeditha provided religious and intellectual leadership for the Jews of the Islamic world. In 657-8 A.D., the Caliph Ali freed the Jewish academy from any political control by Jewish political leaders, and the leader took the title Gaon, or Excellency, and began the epoch of the Gaonim in Babylonia. From the seventh to the eleventh century, questions of Jewish or Talmudic Law were referred to these Rabbinical Gaonim from all the Jewish world. Stability was restored, and the Jewish cultural, historical and religious legacy were no longer threatened with extinction.
While persecution raged in the fragmenting Roman Empire, and in Catholic Europe, the Jews prospered in the Arab dominated, Muslim regions of the Middle East and Africa. Thus the vital intellectual, spiritual independence of the Jewish colleges was crucial to the continued faithfulness and existence of Jewish religious life, culture, and the Scriptures and holy calendar. The year 657-8 A.D. is significant indeed -- it is the BEGINNING of 1260 years of “safety” under God’s protection, “in the wilderness” (Rev.12:6).
“The Place of Safety” and the 1260 Years
The Jewish heritage and the laws of God were “protected” for a period of 1260 years, from 657-8 to 1917 – a fulfillment of the prophecy of Revelation 12:6! We read: “A great and wondrous sign appeared in heaven: a woman clothed with the sun, with the moon under her feet and a crown of twelve stars on her head [the nation of Israel]. She was pregnant and cried out in pain as she was about to give birth [to the Messiah, Jesus Christ]. Then another sign appeared in heaven: an enormous red dragon with seven heads and ten horns [the Roman Empire], and seven crowns on his heads [seven resurrections down through history -- Justinian, Charlemagne, Otto the Great, the Hapsburg Dynasty, Napoleon, Hitler-Mussonlini -- with one yet to appear!]. His tail swept a third of the stars out of the sky and flung them to the earth. The dragon stood in front of the woman who was about to give birth, so that he might devour her child the moment it was born. She gave birth to a son, a male child [Jesus Christ the Messiah], who will rule all the nations with an iron scepter. And her child was snatched up to God and to his throne. The woman FLED INTO THE DESERT [the kingdoms of the Moslem world, Babylonia, Persia, Syria, Arabia, etc.] to a place prepared for her by God, where she might be TAKEN CARE OF FOR 1260 DAYS” (Rev.12:1-6, NIV).
This prophecy is DUAL! According to God's Word, the Jews were in this wilderness or desert, protected by God, for 1,260 YEARS, a “day for a year”! That time of protection in the desert or wilderness expired in 1917, when General Allenby conquered Jerusalem from the Turks, and the Balfour Declaration permitted Jews to return to their homeland!
This prophecy also refers to the Church. It, too, was protected in the “wilderness” for 1260 years – outside the boundaries of the resurrections of the “Holy Roman Empire” throughout the Middle Ages, from the Imperial restoration of Rome under Emperor Justinian in 554, through the restorations of Charlemagne, the Hapsburgs, Otto the Great, down till the fall of the Napoleonic Empire of France in 1814 – a period of exactly 1260 years.
The Beginning of the 1260 “Days”
God protected both the Jews and His Church during these periods of persecution and upheaval. What an amazing, incredible fulfillment of Biblical prophecy!
The year 657-8 A.D. is the beginning of the 1260 years ending in 1917, when the Jews were permitted by the Balfour Declaration to return to Palestine. From the destruction of the Temple in 70 A.D., through the Bar Kochba rebellion, till the year 658 A.D., the Jewish people, while in exile were severely persecuted and almost wiped out as a distinct culture and race. But with the establishment of the rabbinical colleges at Sura and Pumbeditha, with complete academic freedom, the Jews were able to maintain their religious identity, and ancient traditions and laws. Thus 658 was a vitally important benchmark year in the history and preservation of Judaism, the Torah, the Mishnah, and the very ORACLES OF GOD (Romans 3:1-2) which God gave to the Jews to preserve and safeguard through the centuries.
How awesome it is that God fulfills His Word, and establishes His prophetic purposes!
The End-Time Treaty of "Peace"
The 1335 days refer to a “blessed” event of some kind (Dan.12:11). It is most significant, therefore, that on September 13, 1993, just before the Jewish new year, a signing ceremony was held in Washington, D.C., with President Clinton hovering in the background, on the White House lawn, with Yasser Arafat and Yitzak Rabin signing a PEACE TREATY, designed to bring PEACE in the Middle East! This came to be known as the “Oslo Accords.” It was the peace process that lasted seven years. Final status talks on the rest of the outstanding issues -- including Jerusalem, the Jewish settlements in the West Bank, Palestinian immigration, water division, etc., were to be settled by September, year 2000.
However, the peace process collapsed in chaos, as Palestinians went on the warpath on the Jewish New Year, and have been waging a form of war against the Jews ever since – with sniper attacks, suicide bombings, mortar rounds, demonstrations, and incessant violence. Peace has been postponed! This also ties in with the prophecies of Daniel!
The prophet Daniel foretold of a “seven year” treaty in Daniel 9:24-27 -- that is, a “final week” of years -- seven years -- during which time a “prince” would “confirm a covenant with many” (v.26). Could this be speaking of the Oslo Peace Accords, which began in 1993?
The Oslo Accords, originally called the “Seven Year Peace Accords,” designed to bring peace to the Middle East within seven years (or by the year 2,000 A.D.), was signed by Arafat and Rabin with President William Clinton hovering like a “peace-maker” and “father-figure” behind the signers of the accords. Oslo II followed in 1995, and the Hebron agreements with the Likud Israeli government led by Benjamin Netanyahu continued the process, signed on January 16, 1997. The Wye Accords followed in 1998, and the Sharm El Sheik Accords signed by the Ehud Barak government of Israel in 1999.
The literal translation of Daniel 9:27 from the original language is “He will confirm a covenant” or treaty with “the many ones” and it will be “for one week.” The Hebrew word for “many” is rabim, a word very close in sound to Rabin. Could this be a “play on words”? The Hebrew word for “confirm” is gabar, and means literally, “to be strong, by implication, to prevail, act insolently” (Strong's Concordance, #1396). But all the arm-twisting could not bring true peace.
Notice! This verse could imply, first of all, that the one “confirming” the treaty is not himself necessarily a “signatory,” but rather one in the background who brings pressure to bear to compel the signers to “sign on” to the treaty -- economic pressure, political pressure, or something similar.
Certainly, the government of Israel benefits from the largess of the United States with over $2 billion dollars in foreign aid each year, besides vast military aid. Therefore Israel would be in a position to rely heavily on the United States, and to agree to whatever terms the U.S. President imposes or strongly suggests. There has indeed been a tremendous amount of “arm-twisting” involved in this long, drawn-out “peace process”! Prime Minister Barak of Israel owed his victory over Netanyahu in the Israeli elections to the vast support given to his campaign by the American president and his staff! But alas! His peace overtures to the Palestinians floundered on the rock of Yassir Arafat’s stubbornness and refusal to accept Israel’s willingness to hand over 95 percent of the land in question. Barak, in disgrace, was replaced by Ariel Sharon as Prime Minister of Israel, to deal with the growing Palestinian insurgency. Peace, it seems, is still far off.
The Number 3,000
Another strange anomaly is the fact that present at the original signing ceremony of the Oslo I Accord were 3,000 officially invited guests. As CNN news announced, while broadcasting the signing ceremony on the White House lawn, “For the first time in the history of the White House there are 3,000 officially invited guests to witness a signing ceremony.”
What is the significance of the number 3,000? When Moses came down from Mount Sinai, and found the people worshipping a golden calf, at God's command, the Levites slew 3,000 idol worshippers (Exo.32:25-28). The idolaters rejected God’s Covenant.
Conversely, when the New Testament Church began, on Pentecost, 30 A.D., with the preaching of Peter and the apostles, “the same day there were added unto them about three thousand souls” (Acts 2:4 1). These accepted the terms of God’s New Covenant.
The number 3,000 seems to be an important number in terms of either acceptance or denial of a treaty or covenant -- or the number of “witnesses” to a covenant or treaty!
The "END OF DAYS"
The year 1992-3 was to be the beginning of the final end-time “peace process” in the Middle East. It occurred precisely 45 years after the founding of the state of Israel in 1947-8 -- which was exactly 30 years after the Balfour Declaration, and General Allenby’s capture of Jerusalem in 1917 -- which, strangely enough, was exactly 50 years -- one Jubilee cycle -- before the “Six Day War” in 1967, when the Jewish forces annihilated the surrounding Arab air forces, recaptured the Sinai from Egypt, the Golan Heights, from Syria, the West Bank from Jordan, and the Old City of Jerusalem, which includes the Temple Mount.
All these years are interrelated, in terms of the fulfillment of Biblical prophecy.
What do all of these things really mean?
It all boils down to this awesome fact: -- We are now in the TIME OF THE END -- the crisis at the close -- OF THIS GENERATION of mankind! The long-promised MESSIAH is coming very soon!
When will He come?
All the great deliverances of God's people throughout history, occurred in the spring of the year. God's judgment on the wicked cities of Sodom and Gomorrah occurred around Passover time -- proven by the fact that Lot was at that time eating “unleavened bread” (Gen.19:3). Of course, God intervened and delivered ancient Israel out of Egypt at Passover (Exodus 12:18-29). Joshua's conquest of Jericho, and the inheritance of the Promised Land, also occured at Passover (see Joshua 5:10; 6:1-21). Gideon’s conquest of the Midianites also occurred in the spring (Judges 7:13).
Alfred Edersheim, in The Temple: Its Ministry and Service, writes:
“Jewish tradition has this curious conceit: that the most important events in
Israel's history were connected with the Paschal season. Thus it is said to have
been on the present Paschal night that, after his sacrifice, the 'horror of great
darkness' fell upon Abraham when God revealed to him the future of his
race (Gen.15). Similarly, it is supposed to have been at Passover time that
the patriarch entertained the heavenly guests, that Sodom was destroyed and
Lot escaped, and that the walls of Jericho fell before the Lord. More than
that, the 'cake of barley bread' seen in the dream, which led to the destruction
of Midian's host, had been prepared from the Omer, presented on the second
day of the feast of unleavened bread; just as at a later period alike the captains of Sennacherib and the King of Assyria, who tarried at Nob, were overtaken
by the hand of God at the Passover season. It was at the Paschal time also that
the mysterious handwriting appeared on the wall to declare Babylon's doom,
and again at the Passover that Esther and the Jews fasted, and that wicked
Haman perished. And so also in the LAST DAYS it would be the Paschal night
when the final judgments should come upon 'Edom,' and the glorious deliver-
ance of Israel take place” (Edersheim, p.180-181).
Will Christ return around PASSOVER time? Why not?
Truly, Passover pictures the deliverance of God's people more than any other Festival of God, and symbolizes salvation and redemption more than any other single Festival (the Day of Atonement being the only exception). Passover is intricately linked with the history of God's people Israel. The deliverance of Israel out of Egypt (a type of this world system) was a TYPE of the future deliverance of Israel out of end-time captivity (Isa.27:12-13; Isa.11:11; Zech.10:10; Jer.30:10-11; 31:7-12).
Of course, we do not know for certain either the “day or hour” of Christ’s return. Says the Messiah, “No one knows about that day or hour, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father. As it was in the days of Noah, so it will be at the coming of the Son of Man. For in the days before the flood, people were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, up to the day Noah entered the ark; and they knew nothing about what would happen until the flood came and took them all away. That is how it will be at the coming of the Son of Man. . . . Therefore keep watch, because you do not know on what day your Lord will come. But understand this: If the owner of the house had known at what time of night the thief was coming, he would have kept watch, and would not have let his house be broken into. So you also must be ready, because the Son of Man will come at an hour when you do not expect him” (Matt.24:36-44, NIV).
Again, Christ tells us through Mark, “No one knows about that day or hour, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father. Be on guard! Be alert! You do not know when that time will come. It’s like a man going away: He leaves his house and puts his servants in charge, each with his assigned task, and tells the one at the door to keep watch. Therefore keep watch because you do not know when the owner will come back – whether in the evening, or at midnight, or when the rooster crows, or at dawn. If he comes suddenly, do not let him find you sleeping. What I say to you, I say to everyone: Watch” (Mark 13:32-36, NIV).
Truly, the signs of the end times are all around us, and our salvation is much nearer than when we first believed. As Paul wrote: “The hour has come for you to wake up your slumber, because our salvation is nearer now than when we first believed. The night is nearly over; the day is almost here. So let us put aside the deeds of darkness and put on the armor of light” (Romans 13:11-12).
“Be very careful then, how you live – not as unwise but as wise, making the most of every opportunity, because the days are evil” (Ephesians 5:15).
As the New King James Version has this passage: “See then that you walk circum-spectly, not as fools, but as wise, redeeming the time, because the days are evil. Therefore do not be unwise, but understand what the will of the Lord is. And do not be drunk with wine, in which is dissipation. But be filled with the Spirit, speaking to one another in psalms and hymns, and spiritual songs, singing and making melody in your heart to the Lord, giving thanks always for all things to God the Father in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, submitting to one another in the fear of God” (Eph.5:15-21, NKJV).
Let’s redeem – buy back, utilize wisely -- the time, seeing that the END is rapidly approaching! Even so, come, Lord Yeshua!